Spinal Stenosis is the narrowing of the channels of the spine so that the nerve roots which travel through those channels become more and more squeezed and compressed. This causes severe pain to many parts of the body such as lower back, legs, neck, arms or hands, depending on the position of the roots being squeezed.
We, mostly, have two types of spinal stenosis, in the lower back which is called Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and in the neck which is called Cervical Spinal Stenosis. Spinal stenosis is more common to people of older age since it is the result, in most cases, of growing older. It usually appears in the fifth decade of human life and extends to all other subsequent ages which are being characterized by a gradual decrease of physical activity and a tendency to lean forward, while standing or walking, known as kyphosis.
Some common symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis are: pain or cramping in the legs, numbness, weakness or tingling in the legs or feet, problems with bladder or bowel movements, in severe cases, which might lead to incontinence. On the other hand, some cervical spinal stenosis symptoms would be pain in the neck or shoulders, headaches, numbness or muscle weakness, clumsiness, loss of balance, and they may last from a short period of time to maybe becoming a chronic disease ranging from mild to severe.